Law on Land in Vietnam No. 45/2013/QH13 dated November 29, 2013 takes effect on July 01, 2014 (repalces Law on Land in Vietnam No. 13/2003/QH11 dated November 26, 2003 and Resolution No. 49/2013/QH13 dated June 21, 2013), prescribes new provisions, such as: land users (Article 5), principles of land use (Article 6), Persons who are assigned management over land for which they shall be responsible before state (Article 8), the State shall decide on land prices (Article 18), administrative maps (Article 30), land lease (Article 56), land recovery for national defense or security purpose (Article 61), enforcement of land recovery decisions (Article 71), compensation for land when the State recovers residential land (Article 79, Principles of support upon land recovery by the State (Article 83) and other new provisions. 

DMS Law office in Vietnam advises on Law on Land in Vietnam as the following contents: 

Categorising of land in Vietnam

Basis to define land category in Vietnam

Acts which are banned in Vietnam

Rights of the Vietnamese State in relation to land in Vietnam

Duties of the Vietnamese State in relation to land in Vietnam

Administrative Boundary in Vietnam

Basic investigation in relation to land in Vietnam

(Long-term) Planning of land usage in Vietnam

Grant, lease, transfer the purpose of land usage in Vietnam

Withdrawal, requisition of land in Vietnam

Compensation for  land, support for resettlement in Vietnam

Compensation for damage in assets, production, business in Vietnam

Registration of land, house and other assets adherence to land in Vietnam

Granting Certificate of land use rights, Certificate of house ownership and other assets adherence to land in Vietnam

Financial issues in relation to land in Vietnam

Price of land (pre-determined by the provincial authorities, for use in calculating duties with the State of Vietnam)

Auction of land use rights in Vietnam

Information system regarding land and land database in Vietnam

Terms of land usage in Vietnam

Agricultural land in Vietnam

Non-agricultural land in Vietnam

Unused (spare) land in Vietnam

Rights and obligations of land users (individual users) in Vietnam

Rights and obligations of organised users who use land in Vietnam

Rights and obligations of households, individuals, communities who use land in Vietnam

Rights and obligations of overseas Vietnamese, foreign organisation with diplomatic functions and foreign invested enterprise who use land in Vietnam

Conditions for exercising rights of land user in Vietnam

Administrative procedures in relation to land in Vietnam

Monitoring and assessing of land use and land management in Vietnam

Inspecting, dispute solving, appealing, denouncing and dealing with violation of law on land in Vietnam

Land belongs to the entire people with the State acting as the owner’s representative and uniformly managing land. The State shall hand over land use rights to land users in accordance with the Law on Land in Vietnam. Land registration is compulsory for land users and people who are allocated land for management. Registration of ownership of houses and other land-attached assets is conducted at the request of the owner. 

Lands are normally high value assets, therefore upon purchase, giving as gift, inheritance, lease, rent, borrow, ledge, mortgate, guarantee, deposit or other transactions in social life involving land, one should consult Lawyers in Vietnam who specialize in Law on Land in Vietnam, to avoid potential disputes in relation to rights, obligations of land users between two or more parties involving on land relationship./.